Self presentation and deception in online dating

Wolf , Kathryn E. Gao , Paul Dourish. Stone-age strategies and space-age media: Sex differences in sexual signaling on Facebook. Citation Statistics 70 Citations 0 10 20 '13 '15 '17 ' Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 70 citations based on the available data. See our FAQ for additional information. References Publications referenced by this paper.

Online Dating presentation

Showing of 40 references. Burgoon , Aileen Buslig , James Rolger. Putting Your Best Face Forward: Numerous researches regarding the behaviour of individuals while using online dating sites claimed that online daters present themselves differently to look more desirable De Paulo, Online daters exaggerated information about themselves and that men and women enhanced different characteristics — men emphasized their status; women emphasized their physical attractiveness Schmitt, ; Hitsch, Hortacsu, and Ariely, High self-presentation in Tinder affects online dating communication behaviors.

Deception Motives in the Online Dating Sites Deception refers to the motive of a person to modify oneself in order to appear better Burgoon, In online platforms, this happens when one wants to find a romantic match. As early as the early s, males and females have willingly engaged in deceptive motives to attract mates Took and Camire, Moreover, Madden and Lenhart stated that the deception happens because there is a difference between the presented and embodied selves in online encounters.

It appears that if deception is coupled with self-presentation, online users would be able to appear more likable and interesting that they seem to be. Furthermore, because of the absence of a physical space, information fabrication happens. These indicators of deceptive motives are assumed to be used in order to convince others of online engagements in Tinder.

High motives of deception in Tinder lead to better online dating communication behaviors. Online Dating Communication Behaviors Social networking sites have been used as tools for dating.

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People exaggerate personal details such as photos and achievements because these appear to be strategies in presenting attractive versions of their selves in the online platform Fiore, Taylor, Mendelsohn and Hearst, ; Laghari, Toma and Hancock also found out that the enhancements to online selves were for strategic construction of the self in terms of finding the right mates. The engagement with technological manipulation is majorly because of projection of attractiveness in dating.

Alialassiri, Muda, and Ghazali empirically supported the findings that claim the use of online profile information to augment self-promotion, exemplification and intimidation. Moreover, Herring and Kapidzic argue that profile construction among teens tend to be more acceptable despite the technological deceptions.

Self-presentation, deception motives and online dating communication behaviors in Tinder have significant relationships. Gender and Online Dating Communication Behaviors Earlier findings revealed that gender plays a role in self-presentation Took and Camire, Although the study is based on an offline setting, male and female college students indicated their willingness to engage in deceptive self-presentation to attract a mate.

It appeared that men seem to be more willing to use deception to appear more dominant, more resourceful, and more kind than they actually were. Conversely, women reported that they were willing to use deception to present their physical appearance as more favorable than it actually was.

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Recent studies have indicated that gender played an important role in determining types of deception that occurred in online profiles. Consistent with expectations, males and females lie in online realities in order to enhance their specific characteristics to their potential mates. Toma, Hancock and Elison even claimed that users lie only about some characteristics that they believe would make them appear more attractive.

Specifically, men are more willing to deceive by overestimating height while women consistently underestimating their weight. Both gender tend to lie more due to lack of physical distance between the online daters. People tend to present and sometimes exaggerate or fabricate their characteristics in an attempt to create their desired impression.

Self-presentation and Deception in Online Dating

The research hypothesizes that men and women Tinder users will have differences on how they package themselves in the dating app. Furthermore, the study also assumed that the differences between male and female self-presentation and deception have varying effects to the online dating communication behaviors of the male and female respondents in this study.

There are differences in the self-presentation, deception and online dating communication behaviors between the males and females in Tinder.

METHOD Design The study is a one-shot, explanatory and quantitative study, a method which aims to do three things- describe the self-presentation, deception and online dating communication behaviors of Tinder users and examine if the mentioned variables are related to one another. As such, the paper used the survey method to gather data. Snowball and referral sampling was used. Each participant was asked if they use or used Tinder Application before handing them the questionnaire. Students were mostly used in the survey since they are heavy SNS users.

There were respondents in this study, of which were males and were females. The average age of the respondent was These students come from the four universities and colleges in Intramuros, Manila. Self-presentation was operationalized using five indices such as projections of physical attractiveness in the profile picture and other selected photos. It also asked about how one portrays desirability in terms of information about oneself, pleasing words in the status update and emphasizing positive autobiographic descriptions.

In this study, motives were operationalized as exaggeration of personal achievements in order to appear desirable. The participants were also questioned if it was acceptable to hide real height and weight. Moreover, they were asked if it was decent to edit photos before these were uploaded.

Furthermore, motives were also measured in terms of overstatement of earned income or salary and exaggeration of professional achievements. In this study, mechanisms of online dating were operationalized to include statements that assert if the participants see Tinder as an enabling tool in finding a match. Moreover, part of the index was to see if the respondents feel that success in using Tinder was realized if the two persons were able to get to know each other more via chatting, exchanging of contact details such as phone numbers, email address, and Facebook accounts.

Trading of pictures too was seen as an example of a communication behavior. Finally, invitation to meet a match was measured as part of the indices. Futhermore, the reliability of the instrument was tested using the Cronbach Alpha Coefficient Yurdugul, The indeces met the mimimum value for each set of measures Presentation Index: Deviation Chat with Tinder 3.

A Pearson product- moment correlation was calculated to see the relationship between the variables of the study.

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Correlation between Self-presentation, deception and online communication behavior Variable Mean Std. As suggested by this study, individuals construct self- presentational behaviors in accordance to what they feel would be desirable to others. In this present study, Tinder users have shown high tendencies to select best photos and make sure that their profile pictures are attractive because they perceive these moves are necessary add-ons in being liked or being chosen by other Tinder users.

Interestingly, Tinder users self-enhance to prospective dates so that they can be positively swiped or liked by a potential date. Furthermore, self-presentation in Tinder still uses the age-old Goffman notion that the self is given to others as openly as possible by conveying desirability. In Tinder, this openness of the self is hyper-presented by projecting desirable information, pleasing words, and positive autobiographical information to be picked not as a passing stranger but a choice- all in a blink of an eye. Result also revealed that self-presentation and deception motives of Tinder users have a moderate, positive and significant relationship.

Furthermore, Hancok and Toma also asserted that given the choice, online users would also manipulate their presentation so as to enhance their perceived level of attractiveness. The same findings are proven in the case of Tinder users. Furthermore, results of the study also showed that more than the physical components of the self, Tinder users also deceptively manipulate personal and professional achievements to aid self-presentation.

Furthermore, deceptive behaviors in Tinder are consciously done because these were considerations that the audience uses as potential choices in online dating. This appears to suggest that deception is used as conscious and intentional ways to attract prospects Toma, Hancock, and Ellison, , in the online dating world. Perhaps these behaviors to construct the self deceptively results from the way Tinder makes it easy for the acts to be committed without having to feel guilty.

Moreover, since online platforms seem to be enabling environments to conceal information, it appears that deceptive behaviors are exercised without restraint Hancock and Toma, In this study, Tinder users conceal real identities and project non-real attractive selves because they find the SNS as a suitable platform for deceptive practices. Editing photographs, lying about physical attributes and exaggerating achievements are forms of selective-presentations Walther, in Hancock and Toma, that seem to appear as strategies in becoming better choices for dates.

As indexed by the R2statistic, This means that Sales stated that the app cuts the chase by providing the perceived necessary information to find potential dates. This seems to suggest that Tinder enables its users to use ready-made and available information such as self- presentation schemes picture, achievements and their own gender as forms of capital for them to be noticed and selected.

Moreover, deceptive motives add up to the change in communicative behaviors. This research argues that because of the hyper-real competition to appear likable and suitable in this mobile app, Tinder users would seem to package themselves better than the othet Tinder members. Both male and female Tinder users would perhaps capitalize on their gender but would present themselves as better choices than the rest, especially if there are competitors who would be prowling on the same potential match. Furthermore, deceptive self-promotions that are gender-based are projected not only to be competitive Mehdizadeh, ; Ali Alassiri, Muda and Ghazali, but also to increase the likelihood of extending the hook up to an offline activity.

This is because, in this study, Tinder users agreed that personal meet-ups are arranged as one of the many goals of the Tinder encounters.